Fenrir Wolf Myth in Norse Mythology Reflects Man’s Fear of the Unknown

Fenrir is the name for the wolf in the old pre-christian Norse legends. Fenrir was the son of the god Loki well known as a trickster. In the tale The Binding of Fenrir from Scandinavian legends the gods raised Fenrir the wolf but soon felt the need to control him. The old Norse gods used trickery to bind Fenrir, but he was smart enough not to trust these gods. 

“Fenrir grew at an alarming rate, however, and soon the gods decided that his stay in Asgard had to be temporary. Knowing well how much devastation he would cause if he were allowed to roam free, the gods attempted to bind him with various chains. They were able to gain the wolf’s consent by telling him that these fetters were tests of his strength, and clapping and cheering when, with each new chain they presented him, he broke free.”  Source Norse Mythology for Smart People

 

“Tyr and Fenrir” by John Bauer (1911)

 
Was Fenrir a real threat to these gods? 

These old world pre-Christian Norse legends are about fearing the unknown.  These gods wanted to control Fenrir because of fear of the unknown.

“When the gods presented Fenrir with the curiously light and supple Gleipnir, the wolf suspected trickery and refused to be bound with it unless one of the gods would lay his or her hand in his jaws as a pledge of good faith. None of the gods agreed, knowing that this would mean the loss of a hand and the breaking of an oath. At last, the brave Tyr, for the good of all life, volunteered to fulfill the wolf’s demand. And, sure enough, when Fenrir discovered that he was unable to escape from Gleipnir, he chomped off and swallowed Tyr’s hand.” Source The Binding of Fenrir

 

“Odin and Fenrir” by Dorothy Hardy (1909)

 
The gods betrayed Fenrir’s good nature. 

In the end the wolf  Fenrir’s fate was to devour all of the earth. This was set in place by gods who wanted control over Fenrir the wolf because they feared the unknown. 

“As the river’s ominous name implies, this was not the end of Fenrir. At Ragnarok, he broke free and ran throughout the world with his lower jaw against the ground and his upper jaw in the sky, devouring everything in his path.[3] He even killed the god Odin before finally being put to death by one of Odin’s avenging sons.” Source The Binding of Fenrir

Fenrir proves himself to be a trickster in the end. After all, fenrir is the son of Loki. Loki was known for acting out and using tricks to deceive the other gods. 

Fenrir the wolf myth is a symbol of nature that can not be managed by trickery. The Norse myth of Fenrir shows how much the Norseman respected the wolf even refering to him as the son of a god during pre-Christinan times.

The Wolf Transformed

During the time period known as The Dark Ages the wolf becomes a monster in myth and legends.

 

Wolf Howling at the Moon|image from bizabin.com


 

Werewolf a blood-thirsty monster. 

A Werewolf is a person who changes for periods of time into a wolf, typically when there is a full moon.

In horror storries read at Holloween a wolf is portrayed howling at the moon as part man, part wolf known as a Werewolf.  This image of a wolf with fangs bared howling at the moon is ficticous and should never be taken serious. Wolves are not blood-thirsty monsters howling at the full moon. 

In fact, healthy wild wolves avoid humans at all cost. I have been within ten feet of a wild wolf without incident.

Science proves that wolves howl to communicate with their pack members not at the full moon.  
  
Wolves have been the subjects of art and literature since the beginning of time. 

Our fascination with wolves must reflect scientific fact not myth. 

The wolf in art. 

As an artist/educator, I found Earthjustce’s campaign to rebrand the image of the wolf through art is a brilliant idea. 

#JoinThePack by Earthjustice’s campaign to keep wolves listed under the Endangered Species Act uses art to rebrand the image of the wolf. Click HERE to take action for wolves.

 

This campaign is meant to strike a playful tone, but the threats to gray wolves are very real. We’re excited to partner with CAN to remind people why wolves are worth protecting and to get people howling for their right to continue to exist. Drew Caputo Vice President of Litigation for Lands, Wildlife and Oceans, Earthjustice

 Scientific facts win out over myth & folklore everytime.
European folklore gives garlic the ability to ward off werewolves, but modern science proves garlic has several health benefits. Science has proven wild wolves are essential for healthy ecosystems. How Wolves Changed Rivers in Yellowstone National Park after being reintroduced there 20 years ago proves wolves are essential. Click HERE to view the short film How Wolves Change Rivers. 

In conclusion, Fenrir wolf myth in Norse mythology reflects man’s fear of the unknown, and at the same time respects the role the wolf played in nature. 

Today we find ourlseves teetering between old myths and scientific fact that threatens to undermine the Endangered Species Act.

Please take action by asking the president to #VetoExtinction. Stop the legislative attacks on the Endangered Species Act. 

To contact the White House click HERE

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Norse Mythology for Smart People, The Binding of Fenrir

Earthjustice #JoinThePack 

A New Film ‘Fable of the Wolf’ by Earthjustice, Sneak Preview

Here is a sneak peak at a new film by Earthjustice that is scheduled for release Wednesday September 9, 2015.  This hauntingly beautiful film explores wolves relationship with humans and is called  ‘Fable of the Wolf’

THIS YEAR MARKS THE 20TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE WOLF’S RETURN TO YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK.

Wolves once roamed the United States before decades of unregulated slaughter wiped them out. It wasn’t until they were missing that people began to recognize the crucial role wolves play in maintaining the health of the natural world.

The gray wolf was one of the first to be protected by the Endangered Species Act. Its re-introduction in the northern Rockies restored a balance in the ecosystem.

BUT NOW, CONGRESS IS THREATENING THE FUTURE OF WOLVES.

Some politicians are seeking to prematurely remove their protections—subverting one of the most effective laws of the land. We must not allow Congress to undermine the Endangered Species Act:

Take Action For Wolves

The Big Bad Wolf Gets A Rebranding; A new way to look at the wolf in arts and literature.

The wolf has been given a bad rap through-out western culture. The visual arts and literature has played an active role in perpetuating this fear and hate of wolves. We are all familiar with  ‘The big Bad Wolf’ and ‘The three Little Pigs’ as examples of children’s books written about wild wolves for the purpose of instilling fear. I am a retired art teacher that believes art has an influence on culture. Therefore, was delighted to come across this article on that very subject, and decided to immediately post this on my blog.

Story Source: The Big Bad Wolf Gets A Rebranding By Adele Peters is a staff writer at Co.Exist who focuses on sustainable design. Previously, she worked with GOOD, BioLite, and the Sustainable Products and Solutions program at UC Berkeley. You can reach her at apeters at fastcompany dot com. Continued

The Big Bad Wolf Gets A Rebranding

An endangered species is worthy of our care, not fear.

[All Images: courtesy Creative Action Network]

[All Images: courtesy Creative Action Network]

Ever since the publication of Little Red Riding Hood—and even long before—wolves have gotten a bad rap in pop culture (with the possible exception of wolf-themed indie band names). A new art campaign seeks to rebrand the Big Bad Wolf as a misunderstood hero, in an attempt to help build support for an endangered species that doesn’t get a lot of love.

“Art plays a role in how we as a society understand certain issues and ideas, and wolves are one case where art and culture have kind of done a misservice,” says Max Slavkin, CEO of the Creative Action Network, which partnered with the nonprofit Earthjustice on the new campaign. The #JoinThePack campaign will crowdsource new gray wolf art from a community of artists and designers, which will be turned into T-shirts and posters.

“The stories that we all kind of know, where wolves are the bad guy, seem innocuous enough, but have a real impact on how we view wolves in real life, where we want them to be, and how we treat them when we encounter them,” Slavkin says. “So much of that seems to have stemmed from stories and art over the last however-many hundred years. It feel like it’s our responsibility as a community of artists to try to set it right, especially now that wolves are maybe more threatened than they’ve ever been before.”

[All Images: courtesy Creative Action Network]

[All Images: courtesy Creative Action Network]

Twenty years ago, wolves were reintroduced to places like Yellowstone and parts of Idaho—both to help reset local ecosystems that had been thrown out of balance when wolves first disappeared and as actions taken to restore wolf populations under the Endangered Species Act. But though the population has grown, wolves have faced opposition ever since. When wolves accidentally crossed the border from Yellowstone into other parts of Wyoming, until last fall, they could be shot.

There’s also the ongoing possibility that the wolf could be taken off the endangered species list for politically motivated reasons. It’s been delisted in some areas, put back in others, and could easily be delisted elsewhere. This year, Congress slipped a rider into a government spending bill that would eliminate protections for wolves in several states, opening them up to hunters.

“When we started on this campaign, I was surprised to learn just how much is going on today in Congress and state legislatures that’s really bad for wolves,” Slavkin says.

[All Images: courtesy Creative Action Network]

[All Images: courtesy Creative Action Network]

He’s hoping the campaign can help start a bigger conversation, and do it in a fun way—one of the requirements of the designs is that they display some degree of kitsch. “We didn’t want it to be ‘wolves are awesome, end of story,'” Slavkin says. “We thought something fun and kitschy would make people smile, and make people interested in a way that other images couldn’t.”

[All Images: courtesy Creative Action Network]

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