Gray Wolves and White-tailed Deer are Coexisting Very Well in Wisconsin

“Minnesota has also become the number two all time Boone and Crocket trophy white- tailed deer producing state, followed by Wisconsin. This might suggest that wolves and deer are co-existing very well.”

Wolves and Deer

The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources estimated 1.8 million White-tailed deer statewide. The 2018-2019 midwinter count estimated that there are a minimum of 914-978 Gray wolves in Wisconsin, in 243 packs.

Producing a trophy White-tailed deer

Minnesota has developed one of the largest deer herds in the nation while simultaneously restoring the gray wolf to an estimated 3,000 animals. Minnesota has also become the number two all time Boone and Crocket trophy white-tailed deer producing state, followed by Wisconsin. This might suggest that wolves and deer are co-existing very well.
Wolves may even play a role in helping to increase the health and fitness of the overall deer population by culling the sick, weak, and the old and leaving the healthier animals to reproduce and thrive.
From Wolves and Deer in Wisconsin WDNR website

Wisconsin’s White-tailed doe with fawns photo credit Snapshot Wisconsin

Considering that all the data points to “wolves and deer are coexisting very well” why do we only hear negative news about the gray wolf? Case in point From a staunch anti wolf website. Wisconsin Wolf Facts claims that Gray wolves killed more deer than hunters. The cherry picked data claims wolves are killing more deer than the gun-deer hunters in the 2019 season:

“Gray wolves are now responsible for killing more white-tailed deer in four counties of one Great Lakes state than annual the number of deer killed by gun-hunters, according to data released this week by Wisconsin Wolf Facts.” The group is headed by Lauri Groskopf, a hunter that lost two dogs to wolves while bear hunting a few years back.

Wisconsin Gray wolves photo credit Snapshot Wisconsin

Misleading the public

The following table is being widely distributed to pro wolf hunting groups in the hopes that if gray wolves get delisted this cherry picked data will serve as proof that a wolf hunt is needed.

Table from Wisconsin Wolf Facts shows incomplete data from Wisconsin White -tailed deer hunt 2019

The above table only shows results from gun-harvest summarizes for 2019. This table conveniently scapegoats the gray wolf, proving it’s biased data. In reality when WDNR data of Deer Mortality in Wisconsin’s Northern and Central Forests data has Wisconsin black bear estimated deer kill at 33,000 compared to gray wolves deer kill estimated at 13,000.

Deer Mortality in Wisconsin’s Northern and Central Forests From WDNR 2019

Gray wolves in Wisconsin’s Northern and central forests are helping to keep white-tailed deer healthy by culling the weak, the sick and the old. Gray wolves are providing Wisconsin’s deer hunter with a stronger and healthier White-tailed deer.

Science versus anti wolf bias

A single gray wolf while hunting comes across an abandoned White-tailed deer bed, and gently blows upon it causing all the particles to flow up into the wolf’s olfactory sense. The wolf then can determine if the blood in the tick, that fell off the deer the night before, contains pus in it.

Wisconsin’s Northern and Central Forests data has Wisconsin black bear estimated deer kill at 33,000 compared to gray wolves deer kill estimated at 13,000. Photograph of black bear credit Snapshot Wisconsin

Perhaps White-tailed deer have become wise to deer baiting and may be eating at night while hunters are sleeping. Today’s white-tailed deer hunter sits in a tree stand waiting for an unsuspecting deer to approach and eat the corn or apples used for deer bait.

The baiting of White-tailed deer for hunting is allowed only in areas where there is no CWD present.
Wolves have a sense of smell 100 times greater than humans and they use this keen sense while hunting. Photo credit NPS

In summary

The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources estimated 1.8 million White-tailed deer statewide. The 2018-2019 midwinter count estimated that there are a minimum of 914-978 Gray wolves in Wisconsin, in 243 packs. “Minnesota has also become the number two all time Boone and Crocket trophy white- tailed deer producing state, followed by Wisconsin. This might suggest that wolves and deer are co-existing very well.”

Wolves may even play a role in helping to increase the health and fitness of the overall deer population by culling the sick, weak, and the old and leaving the healthier animals to reproduce and thrive.
From Wolves and Deer in Wisconsin WDNR website

A Question of Ethical Hunting: Deer-baiting problem persists in Minnesota hunt

Several problems exist today when it comes to hunting.  Ethical hunts require hard work, but in today’s world of hunting that doesnt appear to be the case. More and more hunters are relying on shortcuts (using baits) to catch the big game. Baiting game is prevelent in the world of hunting especially in Wisconsin and Minnesota. These hunters use baits to catch the biggest trophy. 

I have stated many times that trophy hunts are about power not conservation. Using baits to catch big game isn’t about conservation. Using bait to attract and kill a wild animal is not ethical hunting. Therefor, several problems exist today when it comes to hunting; for more on this “question of ethical hunting” read the following article on deer baiting problems in Minnesota.

Source Duluth News Tribune Deer-baiting problem persists in Minnesota hunt By Sam Cook on Nov 15, 2015 at 9:03 a.m.

 

Corn, apples and pumpkins are common foods used by Minnesota deer hunters who bait deer, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources officials say. The hunter who used this bait was issued a citation by conservation officers. (Minnesota DNR photo)

 

Deer baiting continues to be an issue in Minnesota’s firearms deer season this fall, according to Department of Natural Resources enforcement officials. As of Thursday, 140 baiting citations had been issued to hunters in addition to 42 warnings, DNR officials said.

Over the past five years, Minnesota conservation officers have issued an average of 147 baiting violations per year.
Deer baiting, illegal in Minnesota since 1991, continues to be the
No. 1 violation among big-game hunters in the state, according to the DNR. In baiting, hunters typically place corn, apples, pumpkins or other food near their deer stands in hopes of attracting a deer.
The practice continues at about the same level as in recent years despite significant fines and the possible forfeiture of hunters’ firearms.
“People still aren’t learning,” said DNR conservation officer Kipp Duncan, who works north and east of Duluth.
Tom Provost, DNR regional enforcement supervisor in Grand Rapids, said deer hunters who use bait are trying to shortcut the hunting process.
“Philosophically, I think it’s an instant-gratification thing,” Provost said. “I think people are wanting to get two weeks of hunting into two days and up their odds.”
Conservation officers spend a lot of time, especially on opening weekend of the season, trying to enforce Minnesota’s baiting rule. Aerial surveillance by DNR pilots can help in identifying bait sites from above, and conservation officers also rely on tips from other hunters or neighbors to find hunters using bait.
Conservation officer Andy Schmidt, who works the Brookston area, says baiting hasn’t diminished.
“I don’t think we’ve made a dent in it,” Schmidt said. “I think it’s still alive and well.”
Origin of baiting rule
Deer baiting wasn’t a major issue in Minnesota until the 1980s. It wasn’t expressly forbidden at the time, but bowhunters mounted an effort to formally make the practice legal. However, the Minnesota Legislature eventually passed a law in 1991 to outlaw the practice.
Illegal baiting has become especially prevalent in the past decade as deer populations have dropped and competition for deer has increased.
Bait, according to hunting regulations, includes “grain, fruits, vegetables, nuts, hay or other food that is capable of attracting or enticing deer and has been placed by a person.” Hunters may place bait near where they hunt at other times of the year, but according to regulations, all bait must be completely removed for 10 days before hunting.
An entire page of Minnesota’s hunting synopsis is devoted to explaining what constitutes bait and what is not bait.
Penalties include a typical fine of at least $300, plus about $100 in expenses. In addition, the hunter faces a loss of hunting privileges for a year and forfeiture of the firearm upon conviction.
Across the border in Wisconsin, hunters are permitted to use bait in quantities up to two gallons, except in counties where baiting deer is prohibited. Most northern Wisconsin counties allow deer baiting.
Bait vs. food plots
Provost said hunting ethics are behind Minnesota’s baiting law.
“We need to make sure we’re practicing and preaching ethics, so we continue with the principle of fair chase,” Provost said. “Otherwise, that opens us up to attacks from non-hunters and anti-hunters.”
Complicating the issue of baiting for some Minnesota hunters is the fact that agricultural crops, including “wildlife food plantings,” are not considered bait. Those so-called “food plots,” aimed at attracting deer during the fall when other food sources are scarce, are commonly advertised in hunting publications. Many hunters don’t see a clear ethical or practical distinction between baiting with food products and attracting deer with food plots.
DNR officials say bait significantly increases the risk of disease transmission by concentrating deer and promoting nose-to-nose contact among them. The agency also contends that bait attracts and holds large numbers of deer on private parcels, creating a “privatization” of the deer herd.
Baiting, DNR officials say, can alter a deer’s natural movements, effectively taking away another hunter’s attempt to shoot a deer.
Worth the risk to some
Some hunters are willing to risk being caught baiting, Schmidt said, because they think they’re unlikely to be discovered.
“I think that’s a big part of it,” Schmidt said. “(Hunters think), ‘What would a warden be doing back here?’ I think they feel it’s a low percentage.”
“We’re working hard to catch them,” Duncan said. “We find them deeper in the woods. They just don’t expect us to find them.”
Officers must find hunters actively hunting over bait in order to issue a citation. In some cases, officers will discover remnants of bait one season and make it a point to be at the hunter’s stand on opening day of the following season.
Source